Eye-catching Late Summer-early Fall Berries of Herbaceous Plants.

Eye-catching Late Summer-early Fall Berries of Herbaceous Plants.

solomons-seal-berries

The deep blue berries of  Solomon’s Seal (Polygonatum canaliculatum)  dangle from a gracefully arched stem beginning in late summer.  It is common in woodlands, along roadsides, under telephone wires,  in fencerows, woodland edges, under open grown trees and in thickets. (Swink & Wilhelm Plants of the Chicago Region).  It spreads quickly by rhizomes.

false-solomons-seal-berries

Feathery False Solomon’s Seal  (Smilacina  racemosa) at Chicago Botanic Garden. on 7/25/08.   It, too, is common in woods and spreads quickly by rhizomes.   While it is called racemosa, its flower and berry clusters do not grow in racemes, but in panicles.

arailia-racemosa-berries

The showy berries of  August and September of Aralia  racemosa are a  kaleidoscope of color.   Looking more like a shrub than an herbaceous plant,  Spikenard grows up to 6‘ tall and around, a magnificent picture.  It is found in moist or springy woods, dense shade on north-facing slopes, or calcareous rocky ravines.  Underplant it with Actea pachypoda, Cauliphyllum thalictroides, and Sanguinaria canadens

 

actaea-pachypoda-1330

Photo by Jack Shouba

The flowers of Doll’s Eyes or White Baneberry (Actea pachypoda) are rather insignificant, but its black dotted, white berries, arranged on 30” tall, thick red stems  from which the name “Doll’s Eyes” comes from, are quite notable in late summer.   In nature, it is  are found in rich, undisturbed woods.   Beware–it, along with its cousin, Red Baneberry, is poisonous.

 

blue-cohosh-berries-2014 One of the most stunning displays is that of Blue Cohosh (Caulophyllum thalictroides).  The berries are ”an iridescent blue which beggars all description,” say Swink & Wilhelm in Plants of the Chicago Region.  A woodland plant,  it is frequently found on northeastern-facing slopes.  Its compound scalloped leaves form a loosely layered, 1-2’ clump.  Its spring flowers are insignificant.

 

arisaema-triphyllum-1238

And finally, the stunning berries of Jack-in-the-Pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum}  Jack Shouba not only supplied the photo to me, but the words, as well.  From Jac

Here is a picture of Arisaema triphyllum fruits. Note that the “-aema”

comes from the word for blood (Cf. haematology), referring to the

color.

I always thought that Jack should be capitalized, as in my name, but

not all websites capitalize it.  Note that jack (small j) is used for a

laborer (lumberjack, steeplejack), jack pine, jack of diamonds, etc.

So I suspect that the jack that is in the pulpit is not a specific

person), but a generic man.

Here is lots of interesting info on the  plant’s many names.

http://www.sierrapotomac.org/W_Needham/JackInThePulpit_051010.htm

Jack (not in a pulpit)

 

 

Thanks again, Jack

 

 

 

 

 

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